Note: This post is part two of a house training series. Check out part one, House Training 101: The Basics
Here it is: your simple, magic-secret-free guide to house training your dog. How long this process will take depends on how consistent you are with it and what experiences, or lack thereof, your dog has already had with house training. It takes 1-3 months for most people.
You can’t prevent every accident in the house; expect to be cleaning up a few messes. Just keep in mind that every accident your dog has in the house sets you back in your training that much more, because it reinforces that “going” in the house is an option.
1. Pick a potty spot
Believe it or not, you can actually teach your dog to use one small area of your yard as her bathroom, instead of creating a minefield of deposits all over the place. Pick the area you’d prefer she use. When you let her out, take her to this spot. Dogs are creatures of habit and if you’re consistent about this, she’ll grow to prefer it over any other area.
2. Get a crate
Preferably, before your new dog comes home. Buy a crate that is just big enough for your dog to stand up, lie down and turn around comfortably. If it’s much bigger, she might pick one half as her bed, the other as her bathroom. Take some time to introduce her to the crate before you use it to confine her. Check out What to Do with a New Puppy for tips on introducing a crate.
3. Set up a play pen area
A two-month-old puppy can be expected to “hold it,” in her crate, for no more than three hours at a time. A four-month-old, about five hours. And no dog should be crated more than six hours during the day. If you will be away from home (work, school, etc) longer than this, and can’t arrange for anyone else to come take your pup out, you’ll need to create a “play pen.” Choose an area with floors that won’t be hard to clean if Sparky makes a mess. The kitchen is usually a safe bet. Build a small pen area with baby gates or an exercise pen (found at any pet store). Put her crate and some toys in this. For best results, add some form of “dog potty” or pee pad.
4. Set a routine
Dog owners often report that when they take the dog outside, she doesn’t go. This is usually solved by giving the dog a consistent routine. Schedule meal times and potty breaks and Sparky will soon adjust accordingly.
5. Supervise, supervise, supervise
Can’t overstate the importance of this one! When you can’t keep an eye on Sparky, she needs to be in her crate. When you CAN watch her, watch her closely. I’m talking your complete and total attention here. She’ll usually give some subtle warning that she needs to go, like sniffing or circling. However, some puppies will squat with no warning whatsoever, so keep her close so you can interrupt her if necessary.
6. Take the puppy out according to schedule
Take your dog outside every 1-2 hours. When you take Sparky out of her crate, put her on leash and take her directly out to her “potty spot” first thing. No playing, petting, or cuddling until after you do this.
7. Heap on the praise
When she goes in her potty spot, praise her. As soon as she’s done, reward her with anything she really likes: treats, playing with toys, ear rubs, whatever.
8. Come back inside the house…
If Sparky went potty, you can reward her with a little bit of freedom in the house. If she didn’t go, either put her back in the crate or watch her closely. Take her back outside in fifteen minutes and see what happens.
9. When puppy has an accident
Scenario one: You discover the mess three hours, 30 minutes, or 20 seconds AFTER she did it: just clean it up and don’t bother the dog. You can’t punish a dog after the fact. She won’t know why you are punishing her.
Scenario two: You catch Sparky in the act. Interrupt her with a sharp noise, like “ah ah!” or clap your hands. Don’t go nuts (“No! You baaaaad dog! Wait til your FATHER gets home.”). Take her by the collar or pick her up and rush outside to her bathroom spot. If she goes, praise her. If she doesn’t, oh well. Just remember to supervise better next time.
I know how frustrating it can be, but never yell, hit or shake her, rub her nose in the mess or otherwise punish her. Yeah, she may learn not to pee in the house, but she’ll also learn never to pee in front of you again, indoors OR outdoors, because for some weird reason it makes you all crazy and scary. Instead of peeing on the rug in plain sight, she’ll go under the table or in a back room where you she figures you can’t see her. Not cool.
Need more help than this? Check out Puppy Survival School
You’ll learn how to:
- Potty train your pup with a simple, but detailed plan that actually works, even if he’s had a lot of accidents
- FINALLY stop your demon puppy from biting you (even if you’ve tried everything!)
- Teach your puppy to love their crate
- Play a training game that quickly gets puppies to calm down and stop being obnoxious
- Teach your puppy to politely “say please” when they need something
- Get your puppy to sleep through the night
- Help your other pets accept the puppy
- Stop being stressed out and overwhelmed all the time
- And a whooole lot more more
All of this is taught using video demos of real puppy training, so you can see exactly how it works in real life. Click here to learn more.